nationalsecuritylaw U.S. v. Holy Land Foundation (5th Cir. Dec. 7, 2011)

Yesterday, a Fifth Circuit panel (King, joined by Garza and Graves) affirmed the convictions of the individual defendants in the Holy Land Foundation case and also dismissed the appeal lodged by the foundation itself. Be warned; the document is 170 pages. Here is the table of contents, so you can get a sense of the topics addressed:

I. Factual and Procedural Background………………………………………………………..7

II. Discussion……………………………………………………………………………………………..16

A. Testimony of witnesses using pseudonyms………………………………………16

B. Hearsay evidence…………………………………………………………………………..22

1. Mohamed Shorbagi……………………………………………………………….23

2. Documents seized from the Palestinian Authority…………………..27

3. Elbarasse and Ashqar documents…………………………………………..34

C. Prejudicial evidence under Rule 403……………………………………………….46

D. Expert and lay opinion testimony…………………………………………………..52

1. John McBrien……………………………………………………………………….52

2. FBI Agents Lara Burns and Robert Miranda………………………….56

3. Matthew Levitt……………………………………………………………………..59

4. Steven Simon………………………………………………………………………..60

E. Letter rogatory………………………………………………………………………………62

F. Production of the defendants’ intercepted statements………………………65

G. Harmless and cumulative error……………………………………………………..77

1. Harmless error……………………………………………………………………..78

a. HLF’s connection to Hamas…………………………………………..80

b. Hamas’s control of the zakat committees……………………….88

2. Cumulative error…………………………………………………………………..94

H. Jury charge…………………………………………………………………………………..94

I. The search of HLF’s offices……………………………………………………………101

J. Defendant Elashi’s double jeopardy issue………………………………………111

1. Time…………………………………………………………………………………..113

2. Co-conspirators…………………………………………………………………..114

3. Statutory offenses……………………………………………………………….115

4. Overt acts…………………………………………………………………………..117

5. Place…………………………………………………………………………………..120

K. Defendant El-Mezain’s collateral estoppel issue…………………………….121

1. Collateral estoppel as a bar to the instant conviction……………..122

2. Collateral estoppel and the exclusion of evidence…………………..132

L. Mistrial and double jeopardy………………………………………………………..134

M. Challenge to FISA applications and intercepts……………………………..142

1. Disclosure of FISA applications and orders…………………………..143

2. Suppression of FISA intercepts…………………………………………….151

N. Sentencing………………………………………………………………………………….154

1. Terrorism adjustment………………………………………………………….154

2. Value of laundered funds……………………………………………………..156

O. Appeals of HLF and Nancy Hollander…………………………………………..158

1. Background………………………………………………………………………..158

2. HLF’s appeal………………………………………………………………………165

3. Hollander’s appeal………………………………………………………………169

III. Conclusion………………………………………………………………………………………….170

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